Effect of Brodalumab Compared to Placebo on Vascular Inflammation in Moderate-to-severe Psoriasis

Study Purpose

A randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, trial to evaluate the efficacy of brodalumab monotherapy on vascular and systemic inflammation by 18F-FDG-PET/CT in subjects with moderate-to-severe plaque-type psoriasis who are candidates for systemic therapy

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

No
Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.


An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.


Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Interventional
Eligible Ages 40 Years - 80 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Written informed consent obtained from the subject prior to performing any protocol-related procedures. 2. Age 40 and above. 3. Diagnosis of chronic plaque psoriasis confirmed by a dermatologist. 4. PASI ≥ 10.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Non-Danish speaking. 2. Known or suspected allergy or reaction to any component of the IMP formulation. 3. History of inflammatory bowel disease, arthritis (not including psoriatic arthritis), systemic lupus erythematosus, and active inflammatory skin diseases. 4. A history of malignancies within the past five years (excluding localized non-melanoma skin cancer). 5. Topical corticosteroid treatment (class III or stronger) and/or ultraviolet type B phototherapy within 2 weeks prior to randomization. 6. Treatment with psoralen plus ultraviolet type A photochemotherapy, methotrexate, cyclosporine, acitretin, or fumaric acid esters within 4 weeks prior to randomization. 7. Treatment with adalimumab, etanercept, infliximab, cosentyx, or ixekizumab within 12 weeks, ustekinumab within 24 weeks, or other immunosuppressive or anti-inflammatory agents within 5 half-lives of the active substance prior to the FDG-PET/CT, respectively. 8. Scheduled surgery during the trial period (expect minor minimally invasive procedures). 9. Systemic infection or fever within 7 days prior to FDG-PET/CT. 10. Severe obesity (> 150 kg due to a PET/CT scanner limitation). 11. Presence of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (HbA1c > 75 mmol/mol and/or blood sugar > 11.1 mmol/l and/or clinical judgment). 12. History of coagulation defects (clinical judgment). 13. Active or latent tuberculosis requiring treatment. 14. Positive hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), hepatitis B surface antibody (HBsAb), hepatitis B core antibody (HBcAb) or hepatitis C virus antibody (anti-HCV) serology at screening. Subjects with positive HBsAb may be randomised provided they are hepatitis B vaccinated and have negative HBsAg and HBcAb. 15. History of any known primary immunodeficiency disorder including a positive human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) test at screening, or the subject taking antiretroviral medications as determined by medical history and/or subject's verbal report. 16. No history of varicella zoster infection and negative varicella antibody test (until varicella vaccination is completed). 17. History of chronic alcohol or drug abuse within 12 months prior to screening, or any condition associated with poor compliance as judged by the investigator. 18. History of intravenous drug use. 19. History of attempted suicide or is at significant risk of suicide. 20. Major surgery within the past 3 months. 21. Pregnancy or lactation (Women of childbearing potential must use a highly effective* form of birth control (confirmed by the investigator) throughout the trial and until 12 weeks after discontinuation of treatment with brodalumab. 22. Claustrophobia. 23. Reduced renal function (serum creatinine > 200 μmol/L or cr-EDTA clearance < 30 ml/min) 24. Any disorder, including but not limited to, cardiovascular, lung, gastrointestinal, hepatic, renal, neurological, musculoskeletal, infectious, endocrine, metabolic, haematological, immunological, psychiatric, or major physical impairment that is not stable, in the opinion of the investigator, and could:
  • - Affect the safety of the subject throughout the trial.
  • - Influence the findings of the trial or their interpretations.
  • - Impede the subject's ability to complete the entire duration of trial.
  • - A highly effective method of birth control is defined as one which results in a low failure rate (less than 1% per year) such as bilateral tubal occlusion, intrauterine device (IUD), intrauterine hormone-releasing system (IUS), combined (estrogen and progestogen containing) hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation (oral, intravaginal, transdermal), progestogen-only hormonal contraception associated with inhibition of ovulation (oral, injectable, implantable), sexual abstinence (when this is in line with the preferred and usual life style of the subject), vasectomised partner (given that the subject is monogamous).
The subjects must have used the contraceptive method continuously for at least 1 month prior to the pregnancy test. A female is defined as not being of child bearing potential if she is postmenopausal (at least 12 months with no menses without an alternative medical cause prior to screening), or surgically sterile (hysterectomy, bilateral salpingectomy or bilateral oophorectomy).

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.

NCT03478280
Phase

Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Phase 4
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Aarhus University Hospital
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

N/A
Principal Investigator Affiliation N/A
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

OtherIndustry
Overall Status Recruiting
Countries Denmark
Conditions

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Psoriasis
Arms & Interventions

Arms

Active Comparator: Brodalumab

Subjects will receive 210 mg of Kyntheum administered by subcutaneous injection at Weeks 0, 1 and 2 followed by 210 mg every other week (EOW) thereafter.

Placebo Comparator: Placebo

Subjects will receive placebo doses administered by subcutaneous injection at Weeks 0, 1 and 2 followed by placebo EOW thereafter.

Interventions

Drug: - Brodalumab

Subjects with moderate-to-severe psoriasis are enrolled consecutively and randomly assigned to either active treatment with brodalumab or placebo during the treatment period

Drug: - Placebos

Subjects with moderate-to-severe psoriasis are enrolled consecutively and randomly assigned to either active treatment with brodalumab or placebo during the treatment period

Contact a Trial Team

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International Sites

Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark

Status

Recruiting

Address

Aarhus University Hospital

Aarhus, , 8200

Site Contact

Anne Bregnhøj, PhD

[email protected]

+45 2183 5720

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