Use of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation for Reducing Biologic Injection Site Pain(TENS Study)

Study Purpose

The purpose of this research study is to determine the efficacy of TENS therapy in reducing the pain experienced by patients during and after the injection of biological medications. The study team is interested in recording the level of pain reduction from TENS therapy to determine if this intervention is effective at reducing discomfort associated with medication administration so that it may possibly be applied to other patients in an effort to reduce treatment-related discomfort, anxiety, and possibly increase adherence. A total of 10-20 subjects at one research site will be recruited to participate, specifically, individuals who receive the injection of medication in two separate sites. The inclusion criteria will be an age of > 18 years old, a diagnosis of psoriasis, and currently receiving biologic medication injection in two sites during their dermatology clinic visit. The first step is to administer the biologic medication in one thigh without the use of TENS therapy. This is done to establish a control, or baseline, for how painful the injection experience is. The second step involves a study team member applying two to four TENS unit pads (made of adhesive gel) to the skin of your thigh approximately two centimeters from the site where injection of the biological medication takes place. The device will be turned on during the injection of the medication. Medication injection will take place by either the patient or nursing staff as it would normally take place without involvement in this study. Immediately after both steps, subjects will be given a brief survey to determine their pain level.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

No
Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.


An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.


Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Interventional
Eligible Ages 18 Years - 64 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • - Subject has a diagnosis of psoriasis and receiving biologic medication injection in two sites during their clinic visit as part of their management.
  • - Subject is 18 years of age or older.
  • - Subject has a working knowledge of English.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • - Subject not receiving biologic medication injection.
  • - Subject under 18 years of age.
  • - Subject does not have a working knowledge of English.

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.

NCT04058652
Phase

Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

N/A
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Steven R Feldman, M.D., Ph.D
Principal Investigator Affiliation Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Other
Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United States
Conditions

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Psoriasis
Additional Details

A total of 10-20 subjects at one research site will be recruited to participate, specifically, individuals who receive the injection of medication in two separate sites. The inclusion criteria will be an age of > 18 years old, a diagnosis of psoriasis, and currently receiving biologic medication injection in two sites during their dermatology clinic visit. The first step is to administer the biologic medication in one thigh without the use of TENS therapy. This is done to establish a control, or baseline, for how painful the injection experience is. The second step involves a study team member applying two to four TENS unit pads (made of adhesive gel) to the skin of your thigh approximately two centimeters from the site where injection of the biological medication takes place. The device will be turned on during the injection of the medication. Medication injection will take place by either the patient or nursing staff as it would normally take place without involvement in this study. Immediately after both steps, subjects will be given a brief survey to determine their pain level. The study will be conducted at Department of Dermatology at Wake Forest School of Medicine. Data will also be analyzed at Department of Dermatology at Wake Forest School of Medicine.

Arms & Interventions

Arms

Experimental: TENS therapy

the first step would be to administer the biologic medication in one thigh without the use of TENS therapy. Biologic medications are administered in two doses, with one in each thigh. Administering the first biologic medication injection is done to establish a control, or baseline, for how painful the injection experience is. The second step would be a study team member applying two to four TENS unit pads (made of adhesive gel) to the skin of subject's other thigh approximately two centimeters from the site where injection of the biological medication takes place. There will be no extra injection of biologic medication during this procedure. The prescribed dose will be used one time, split into two legs (which is the standard protocol for administration). The device will be turned on during the injection of the medication. Immediately after both steps, the subject will be given a brief survey to determine your pain level. The subject's involvement would last roughly 10-15 minutes.

Interventions

Device: - transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) unit

The transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) unit is a noninvasive, inexpensive, battery-operated device that was originally designed to provide modulation of the afferent nervous system to relieve pain. By providing alternating current through cutaneous electrodes, TENS activates large-diameter afferent fibers of the nervous system (A-delta, A-beta, C fibers), whose ascending signals are subsequently relayed to the central nervous system.

Contact a Trial Team

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Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston-Salem, North Carolina

Status

Recruiting

Address

Wake Forest University Health Sciences

Winston-Salem, North Carolina, 27157

Site Contact

Irma M Richardson, MHA

[email protected]

336-716-2903

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